|Classification and external resources|
Micrograph of herpes esophagitis. H&E stain.
Esophagitis (or oesophagitis) is inflammation of the esophagus. It may be acute or chronic. Acute esophagitis can be catarrhal or phlegmonous, whereas chronic esophagitis may be hypertrophic or atrophic.
- Heartburn (pain in chest/abdomen and may radiate to neck/jaw)
- Postprandial worsening of symptoms
Symptoms may be relieved by antacids
Forms of infectious esophagitis are typically seen in immunocompromised people. Types include:
- The most common cause is gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD, or GORD in British English). If caused by GERD, the disease is also called reflux esophagitis.
- Chemical injury by alkaline or acid solutions may also cause esophagitis, and is usually seen in children, as well as in adults who attempt suicide by ingestion of caustic substances
- Physical injury resulting from radiation therapy or by nasogastric tubes may also be responsible.
- Alcohol abuse.
- Eosinophilic esophagitis is a little understood form of esophagitis, which is thought to be related to food allergies.